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雅思写作大作文之性别类话题的那些事

发布时间:2020-09-15 17:08:27浏览次数:0文章来源:培顿教育
导读:在各位考鸭准备大作文话题素材时,会把大量的时间和精力放在最常考的三类话题:教育,政府职能及科技类。但就出题的概率来说,每年都会至少出现一次关于性别类方面的考题。考生面临的
在各位考鸭准备大作文话题素材时,会把大量的时间和精力放在最常考的三类话题:教育,政府职能及科技类。但就出题的概率来说,每年都会至少出现一次关于性别类方面的考题。考生面临的困惑是无法在短暂的时间想出合乎常理的分论点,更不用说如何进行有效的论证了。现在我们来尝试利用一道真题来帮助大家梳理思路及表达,以达到快速解题及触类旁通的效果。

一、真题回顾

Men and women employed in full-time jobs should share equally the responsibilities of household chores. Do you agree or disagree? ( 2018/09/15)

二、分论点的构思

题目中的核心名词为分担家务,参与对象为男性与女性。根据题干的参与对象,我们就可以构建出分论点的两个思考维度。

1.如果各位考鸭赞成这个观点,就可以提及女性有更多的工作参与度,提高成就感。从双方角度来说,彼此之间的感情就会加深。

2.如果各位同学反对这个观点,可以提及男性及女性可能有自己的优点和劣势,例如女性更加耐心,做家务效率可能会更高。同时也可表达家务的分担也要取决于每个人的工作量,完全平均分配可能不太合理。

大家可以根据自己对这道题目的理解,排列组合成自己的提纲。

雅思写作大作文之性别类话题的那些事

 

三、参考提纲

Position: agree

Body Paragraph 1:

Indeed, there may be good arguments for females to share the bigger proportion of housework.

women ----- more patient ----- maternal instinct ----- main responsibility of raising children

men ----- decision making ----- of great executive ability ----- be supposed to focus on business

Body Paragraph 2:

However, there is logic that married couples should shoulder the housework equally, since it shows the gender equality as well as alleviates the inequality of other areas.

1.men ----- get involved in housework ----- narrow gender gap ----- realize zero gender gap

2.workplace ----- women ----- at a disadvantage ----- when they are pregnant ----- men ----- share responsibilities ----- allow women to be more concentrate on their job ----- improve job prospects

四、主体段的写作

分论点: 倘若一半的家务可以被丈夫承担,女性在职场的参与度将会增加。论证: 在写作的过程中,常用到的三种论述方法为因果论证,举例论证和反面推理。当然这道题目也可以使用三种论述方法结合来完成一个主体段的写作。

1.反面论证: 由于不用花大量的时间在做饭和打扫上,她们得到升职的概率会大大增加。句型句式可以使用if 引导的条件状语从句。英文表达有the likelihood of promotion

2.举例论证: 一些家务活,如修建花园,维护及修理工作,对体力要求是比较大的, 运用这些例子回应家务活都包含什么,让考官形成画面感。

英文表达有yard work, maintenance, and repairs.

3.因果论证: 如果这些工作被丈夫承担,妻子将会遭受更少的家庭责任。 结果是她们可能在工作时,头脑更加清醒,体力更加充沛,能够积累更多的工作经验。 英文表达有suffer from fewer obligations, fresher mind, energetic, accumulate more working experience.

这样一个逻辑清晰且论述充分的主体段就形成了。

英文参考:

Females’ involvement in the workforce might increase if half of their responsibility for housework is shared by the husband. When women’s conventional jobs in the house are shared by the husband, the wife could gain extra time for work, contributing to career development. It is therefore understandable that higher chance of promotion could be guaranteed for the wife than before when females have to devote themselves to a large amount of housework ranging from cooking to cleaning. Additionally, some household chores are physically demanding, such as yard work, maintenance, and repairs. If these jobs at home are completed by the husband, the wife would bear less housing responsibility. Consequently, she could stay a fresher mind and be more energetic while working, thereby accumulating more working experience.

五、知识迁移

In some countries, more and more fathers are staying at home to look after children, while mothers work full time. What are the reasons and is it a positive or negative development? (2017/12/14)

相信各位考鸭们经过上一道真题的洗礼过后,对于这个题目的认知应该上升到了一个新的高度。论点是尤其相似的: 一方面,在当今社会越来越多的人接受了性别平等的理念。另一方面, 从基因角度来说,父亲更为理性,他们照看的孩子逻辑思维会得到更多的锻炼。

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