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雅思口语Part2新题:《善待不喜欢的人》话题解析

发布时间:2021-10-03 12:02:26浏览次数:0文章来源:培顿教育
导读:  雅思口语Part2新题,《善待不喜欢的人》,这道题被很多同学都因为理解有误而回答的认考官不太满意。针对《善待不喜欢的人》,今天雅思

  雅思口语Part2新题,《善待不喜欢的人》,这道题被很多同学都因为理解有误而回答的认考官不太满意。针对《善待不喜欢的人》,今天雅思老师帮助大家解析具体答题思路,希望同学们如果在考试中遇到这类题,可以轻松应对。

  Describe a person you dislike but have to be friendly with

  You should say:

  • Who he/ she was

  • What the person is like

  • Why you didn't like him or her

  • And explain why you have to friendly to him or her

  这道题之所以是难题,也是因为它和绝大多数以正面为主的口语话题不同,它需要你从反面来阐述一个人。在这种情况下,很多同学表达负面意味的单词告急,同时又觉得无法和之前的内容套用,最终就把这道题划分为难题。

  但真的难么?我觉得它一点都不难。不管是你喜欢还是不喜欢的人,他们都是人,所以我们依旧是基于人的维度来阐述整个话题的。只是从原本要说一个人的好,变成他不好而已。

  举个例子,我可能原本想从"dressing style"上来说一个人有时尚、有品味;而现在在这道题里,我可能就会去说他究竟是多么的邋遢、多么的脏乱。

  为了让大家可以更好的来理解,现在我们就从小问题出发来一一进行分析。

  01、Who he/ she is

  针对第一个小问题,我们需要从人的维度里抽取1/2个来进行背景信息的介绍。基于2、3两问可能涉及到的都是和性格相关的内容,在思考第一问时,你就不能再从"personality"着手,以免上下内容重复。

  以下有这么几个维度是我比较推荐的:

  Name 名字

  这个维度经常被大家忽略,就觉得名字没什么好讲的。但你要注意的是,名字可以分为:中文名、英文名、小名以及绰号 (nickname)。

  像绰号就很值得我们一聊,尤其像这种你不喜欢的人,他的绰号一定就会以负面的为主。同时,可以进一步解释一下给出这个绰号的原因以及他的个人反映。

  Example :

  A person that comes to mind is my foreign tutor, Bob, from the U.S. He is tall and a bit overweight with bald hair 秃头. Because of this, we nicknamed 取绰号 him the White Egg. He was really angry about the name when he first heard about it and thought we were really horrible and offensive students.

  Family background 家庭背景

  粗浅一点来分,我们可以将其分为有钱的以及贫穷的。鉴于我们要讲一个不喜欢的人,所以就可以从这种家庭环境下成长起来的孩子所带有的劣根性来做进一步阐述。富裕家庭下的孩子,可能会非常娇生惯养,炫富;贫困家庭里的孩子,可能会比较自卑、自尊心极强。

  Example :

  A person that comes to mind is my roomie, Lucy. She is from a wealthy 富裕的 family, so she is spoiled 宠溺 by her parents. Just from the clothes she wears, you can see that she enjoys a very lavish 奢侈的 lifestyle.

  Marital status 婚姻状况

  "婚姻状况"可分为:单身/结婚/离婚/丧偶。这个维度也是我很喜欢,但很少会有同学从这个角度来思考问题。从正面来说明,一个人的离异和丧偶,可以看出这个人非常坚毅敢于面对人生的悲剧;而这道题我们需要从负面来看,一个人的离异和丧偶,也可能让他变得非常郁郁不得志。

  Example:

  A person that comes to mind is my neighbor, an old-aged 老年的 man, who must be getting on for 接近 70. He lives alone and his wife passed away 10 years ago. As his children don’t want to look after him, he takes care of himself. Because of this, his clothes are always dirty and he always has very unkempt 蓬乱的 hair.

  How you know the person 你怎么知道这个人的

  鉴于剩余三个小问没有问到你和这个人的认识过程,你就可以把"How you know the person"作为一个维度放在第一小问里来补充信息。为此,你需要给到我:

  step one: 你第一次是怎么知道这个人的(哪个时间点/通过谁/或者在哪个地方)

  step two: 你对他的第一印象(可以是给你留下好的印象,也可以是不好的)

  step three: 之后是怎么进一步接触的(线上?线下)+你们目前的关系

  Example :

  A person that comes to mind is a 5-year-old boy, living next door to me. The first time I met him was when his family moved to our neighborhood. His parents brought him to my home and gave us some hand-made cookies as a gift. I was touched by their kind gesture 善意的举止. Ever since then, when his parents are busy, he comes over to my house.

雅思口语Part2新题:《善待不喜欢的人》话题解析

  02、What the person is like

  这个小问需要我们给出和人性格相关的内容,并且基本需要和负面的性格有关。鉴于这又是一道"What"类型的问题,我们需要按"主次"或者"时间线"的方式来思考整个小问。

  按主次拆分

  绝大多数人对他性格的评价,小部分人对他性格的评价。

  Example:

  Most people think he is a very kind-hearted person who likes to offer help to others when they are in need. However, I think he is a bit two-faced 两面派的. He always talks about people behind their backs 背后说人坏话. I remember once he helped a junior to revise. When he came back, he started complaining about how stupid he was. I was really shocked by his words.

  按时间线拆分

  可分为两种情况:客观变化和主观变化。

  客观变化是其自身的前后变化。可能原本性格还不错,但后来因为某种原因,开始出现一些负面的性格特征。

  Example:

  She used to be a very outgoing and optimistic girl who always had a smile on her face and liked to chat with others. However, ever since she was dumped 被甩 by her boyfriend. She has changed a lot. There is no smile and it is very depressing chatting with her, as she is very pessimistic about everything.

  主观变化则是你对他的性格产生印象上的变化。原本你可能觉得她应该是个性格不错的人,后来熟知以后才发现,她原来有很多不好的性格。

  Example:

  When we first met, I thought she was very warm-hearted and hospitable 热情好客的. She helped me carry my heavy suitcases and even prepared small gifts for me. However, when we got to know each other a bit better, I found out that, actually, she was a very mean 刻薄的 and demanding 苛刻的 person. She always asks people to do things for her but she never says Thank you. Sometimes, she uses our personal stuff without asking.

  按"How you know the person"的结构来

  在第一问里,我有提到可以按这个结构来补充第一问的细节信息。不过第二小问其实也可以。你可以按自己的喜好来究竟选择在哪一问拓展。

  为什么第二小问也可以按这个结构来拓展内容呢?无非你第一次认识一个人的时候也会对这个人的性格有一定的评价。可能那个时候就觉得他不错,但后来在进一步接触之后,你发现他并没有你想象这么好,所以你对他的印象也就变得不是很好。

  Example two:

  The first time I met him was in our first class. At that time, I thought he was a nice and gentle person who wore formal suits with polished leather shoes. However, I was completely wrong. When I had more classes with him, I realized that he was a very mean person, and soon became my least favorite teacher.

  03、Why you dislike the person

  很多学生普遍反映,这个小问和第二小问基本一致。那么我的建议时,你可以继续给出一个他让你讨厌的性格做为内容补充。

  就相当于,第二个小问已经在说明我为什么不喜欢他了,但这个问题里涵盖了另一个我不喜欢他的点。

  至于你对他的不喜欢,可以从他和你的关系上来说明。他如果是你的老师,你不喜欢的可能就是他的上课方式、对学生的态度等;他如果是你的室友,你不喜欢的可能就是他的生活习惯;他如果是你的同学,你不喜欢的可能就是他的学习态度等。

  Example one:

  Another reason why I dislike him is because of his self-centeredness 以自我为中心. He is a night owl 夜猫子 who always stays up for the whole night while playing video games. More annoyingly, he plays music loudly even at midnight without considering that we are sleeping. He is also the troublemaker of our dorm. He leaves the place a mess 糟乱 and just drops his rubbish on the floor.

  Example two:

  Another reason why I dislike her is that she is not an honest person and she always cheats in the exam. When we are busy preparing for the exams, she tries every trick in the book 想尽各种办法 to cheat. Once she tried to bring her notes into the exams by hiding up her sleeve. Surprisingly, she has never been caught.

  Example three:

  I dislike him as he is bad-tempered 脾气差的. He always scolds 训斥 students in the exams when they can’t cope with a question and even calls them idiots. He never gives students encouragement, instead, he always tells us how bad we are. Because of this, most of my friends feel very stressed. In addition, he is very impatient. When we ask him questions, he gets irritated 变的恼怒 easily and very upset if we disturb him during his break. I am so frustrated that he is our teacher.

  04、Why you have to be friendly to him/ her

  至于你为什么对于这些你不喜欢的人还要保持友好,简单而言,怕找麻烦。

  你怕你的老师、领导会给你穿小鞋;

  你怕你的室友会做一些不利于你的事;

  你怕你的同学会不愿与你合作等等。

  除此之外,有些人保持友好也可能出于所谓的礼貌。比如,对于家里的长辈,你不得不礼貌,不管你有多么的讨厌他。

  Example one:

  Even though I can’t tolerate 无法忍受 him, I need to be very friendly and polite to him, as he is still my teacher who grades my work and assesses 评定 me. He is the kind of person to bear a grudge 记仇, so I am afraid that if I am not polite and respectful, he will give me a low score. It has already happened to several of my classmates.

  Example two:

  Even though I can’t stand 无法忍受 him at all, I bite my tongue 忍气吞声 and am still friendly, as we still need to share the room for another year. If we have any conflicts during the period, I think it will be very embarrassing and awkward. In addition, as there are so many murder cases 谋杀案 in recent years happening in the dormitories, I am afraid that maybe he will do something bad to me as well. In order to keep safe, I think being friendly is the best way.

  Example three:

  Even though I dislike him, I still have to be friendly to him just because my parents asked me to do so. They always tell me that being polite to senior people is a kind of courtesy 礼仪. No matter how much he is driving me mad, I should tolerate it, or it looks bad for my parents. I don’t really understand it, but I I do it, just to keep my parents happy.

  看完了以上4个小问的拆解后,你有想法来完成属于你自己的话题了么?如果对于此类型的题还是不太了解答题思路,大家需要专业的雅思老师帮助辅导了,在线咨询培顿 雅思的客服老师,为大家辅导雅思口语及其他科目相关内容。

 

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